Springtails are white soil dwelling organisms (not insects) less than 6mm long.  They are detritivores and microbivores, that is they eat dead and decaying plant matter and soil micro-organisms, and are one of the main biological agents responsible for the control and the dissemination of soil microbes.  As such they are found especially in peat-based composts, prefering damp conditions as they are unable to tollerate the dry.  Distinguished by their habit of jumping when exposed on the soil surface, as occurs after watering, by releasing a two-pronged apperatus kept under tension below the abdomin. 

They cause no damage to plants, except garden springtail - Bourletiella hortensis, and no controls are required.
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